Oral pathology refers to any diseases or pathological processes of the oral and facial region. The mouth is necessary for many different functions, such as eating, drinking, speaking, and breathing, and this versatility in use exposes your mouth to higher risks of infection and other problems. Additionally, the mouth can show symptoms that reflect conditions developing in the rest of the body.
When dental professionals find irregularities in the lining or shape of your mouth, they may send you to an oral surgeon for a biopsy or second opinion. This is because oral surgeons are experts at identifying and treating diseases of the mouth, jaw, and face. Our oral surgeons — Dr. Fred Smith, Dr. P. Steven Arnold Jr., and Dr. David Carlton at Alexandria Oral Surgery & Dental Implant Center — have years of experience evaluating and treating infections, diseases, cancers, and other oral conditions.
Common Oral Diseases and Treatment
Below are some examples of common oral diseases that oral and maxillofacial surgeons can diagnose, evaluate, and treat:
- Burning mouth syndrome
- Canker sores or cold sores
- Geographic tongue
- Tumors of the oral and facial soft tissues
- Oral cancer
- Viral, bacterial, and fungal infections
- Salivary gland disorders
If you are diagnosed with an oral pathology, our oral surgeons will form a treatment plan that fits your needs. Our oral surgeons can prescribe medicines to control infections or pain associated with oral diseases. In cases of oral cancer, our surgeons can use advanced treatments to remove the cancer and reconstruct facial structures affected by the disease. Contact our office if you are interested in having an oral exam and consultation with one of our oral surgeons.
Prevention and Awareness
Most oral diseases are benign and easy to treat, but the key to successful treatment is catching these processes in their early stages. Many pathological processes do not have any painful or uncomfortable symptoms at early stages, so it is important to look for any changes in the color, texture, or shape of the mucosa (the coral pink lining of your mouth).
Staying aware and performing monthly self-exams by looking all around your mouth (including under your tongue and around your teeth) is a great way to look out for changes and catch pathological processes early. Regular dental visits are another important step in preventing the spread of oral pathology.
Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Diagnosis and Treatment in Alexandria, LA, and Vidalia, LA
Our oral surgeons are experts in identifying and treating all sorts of oral conditions. Whether you are in need of a biopsy or a reconstructive procedure, our team will work with you to form the most effective treatment plan possible. Contact one of our offices in Alexandria, LA, or Vidalia, LA, for more information about oral pathology treatment at our practice.